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  • Writer's pictureShrikant Soman

India - an Emerging Power on the World Scene



In this note we will discuss how the world is moving towards a multipolar world order, with a decline in the unipolar dominance of the United States. This shift towards multipolarity is being driven by economic, technological, and geopolitical factors. We will see how, with a clever maneuvering of her cards, India is poised to harvest the benefits of this major shift in world power dynamics.


China's rise as an economic superpower is challenging the global dominance of the United States, with China now being the largest trading partner for many countries. The technological advancements are also contributing to this shift, with emerging technologies such as artificial intelligence and quantum computing likely to disrupt the current power balance.


There are also geopolitical factors, such as the increasing cooperation between Russia and China and the emergence of India as a major player on the global stage. This shift towards multipolarity presents both opportunities and challenges for countries around the world.


The world is entering a new era of multipolarity, with no single country dominating global affairs. This shift will require countries to adapt to new power dynamics and forge new alliances in order to succeed in this changing world order.


India is emerging as a strategic power on the world scene for a number of reasons.

  • Firstly, India is a major player in the Asia-Pacific region, which is becoming increasingly important in global affairs. As the world's largest democracy and a rapidly growing economy, India is seen as a key player in the region and beyond.

  • Secondly, India has made significant strides in the areas of defense and security. The country has modernized its armed forces and invested heavily in defense research and development, which has resulted in the development of indigenous weapons systems such as the BrahMos missile and Tejas fighter aircraft. This has given India greater strategic autonomy and the ability to project power beyond its borders.

  • Thirdly, India has developed strong relationships with other major powers such as the United States, Japan, and Australia, which have recognized India's growing strategic importance. These relationships have resulted in greater cooperation in areas such as defense, trade, and technology transfer, which have further strengthened India's strategic position.

  • Fourthly, India has played an active role in regional and global forums such as the United Nations and the G20, where it has advocated for issues such as global peace and security, climate change, and economic growth. This has raised India's profile on the world stage and given it a greater voice in global affairs.


Overall, India's growing economic, military, and diplomatic power have positioned it as a key player in the emerging multipolar world order. However, it is important to note that while India has made significant progress in these areas, it still faces a number of challenges, including poverty, infrastructure development, and regional security threats, which could impact its ability to fully realize its strategic potential.

We have to note the current global political landscape and the trend towards a multipolar world order. The United States' dominance in the post-World War II world is waning, and a new era of multipolarity is emerging. We need to study a brief history of the current world order and the emergence of new players such as China and Russia, who are challenging US hegemony. We also have to consider the rise of regional powers, such as Iran and India, who are becoming increasingly important in their respective regions.


Here we have a compelling argument for the trend towards multipolarity, and we have some evidence to support this claim. India is a natural leader in a multipolar world and she is best suited to navigate this new global order. Overall, we have an interesting perspective on the current state of global politics and the trend towards multipolarity.

While it may still be premature to say that India is emerging as a new world leader, the country has certainly been playing its cards well in recent years, and is positioning itself to be a key player in the emerging multipolar world order.

One way in which India has been playing its cards well is through its foreign policy. India has been pursuing a policy of "strategic autonomy," which seeks to maintain good relations with all major powers while avoiding alliances that could compromise its national interests. This approach has allowed India to build strong relationships with both the United States and Russia, for example, and has given it greater leverage in global affairs.



India has also been playing an active role in regional forums such as the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) and the Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC), where it has sought to promote regional cooperation and economic integration. Additionally, India has been working to build stronger ties with countries in the Indian Ocean region, which is becoming increasingly important in global affairs.


Another area where India has been playing its cards well is in defense and security. India has been modernizing its armed forces and investing heavily in defense research and development, which has given it greater strategic autonomy and the ability to project power beyond its borders. India has also been building stronger defense partnerships with countries such as the United States, Japan, and Australia, which has given it access to advanced military technology and helped to strengthen its position in the region.

Finally, India has been positioning itself as a leader in areas such as renewable energy and technology. The country has set ambitious targets for renewable energy production and has been working to develop its own indigenous technology, which has the potential to make it a major player in the global technology market.



Overall, India has been playing its cards well in recent years and is positioning itself to be a key player in the emerging multipolar world order. While there are still challenges to be addressed, including poverty, infrastructure development, and regional security threats, India's growing economic, military, and diplomatic power have the potential to make it a major player in the 21st century.


India's emergence as a strategic power on the world stage could have significant economic benefits for the country. As India strengthens its position as a key player in the emerging multipolar world order, it could attract greater foreign investment, enhance its trade relations, and develop new economic opportunities.

  • Firstly, as India builds stronger defense partnerships with major powers such as the United States, Japan, and Australia, it could gain access to advanced military technology and equipment, which could help to modernize its defense industry and create new jobs in this sector.

  • Secondly, India's focus on renewable energy and technology could help to drive economic growth and create new job opportunities. India has set ambitious targets for renewable energy production, and as it develops new technology in this area, it could become a major player in the global renewable energy market, which is projected to grow significantly in the coming years.

  • Thirdly, as India builds stronger economic and trade relationships with other major powers, it could benefit from increased access to foreign markets and investment. This could help to boost India's export industry and create new job opportunities in areas such as manufacturing and services.

  • Finally, India's growing economic, military, and diplomatic power could help to boost investor confidence in the country, which could attract greater foreign investment and help to spur economic growth. As India continues to play an active role in regional and global forums, it could gain greater recognition as a key player in global affairs, which could enhance its standing in the international community and help to attract new investment opportunities.




Overall, India's emergence as a strategic power on the world stage could have significant economic benefits for the country, as it attracts greater foreign investment, develops new economic opportunities, and strengthens its position in the global economy.

India has been successfully leveraging its space program for economic benefits, including generating export earnings.

The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has been offering various space-related services to other countries and private firms, including launching satellites and providing satellite imagery and communication services. These services have generated significant revenue for India.

One of the major sources of export earnings for India's space program is the launch of satellites for other countries. India has developed reliable and cost-effective launch vehicles, such as the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) and the Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV), which have been used to launch satellites for several countries, including the United States, France, Canada, and South Korea. The launch services provided by ISRO are often cheaper than those provided by other countries, which has made them attractive to customers.


In addition to launch services, ISRO also provides satellite imagery and communication services to other countries. The Indian Remote Sensing (IRS) satellites provide high-resolution images of the earth's surface, which have various applications, including disaster management, agriculture, and urban planning. ISRO has also launched the South Asian Satellite, which provides communication services to several countries in the region.



Overall, India's space program has been successful in generating export earnings, with the country earning millions of dollars from launching satellites and providing space-related services to other countries. The revenue generated from the space program has also contributed to the development of the country's space industry and helped to fund future space missions.

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Sources :

  1. "India as a Rising Global Power," by Milan Vaishnav and Saksham Khosla. This paper examines India's emergence as a global power, with a focus on its defense and space capabilities. 2018

2. "The World is Shifting Towards Multipolarity" By KN Pandita

Issue Net Edition | Date : 30 Mar , 2023m Indian Defence Review


3. "India's Defense Industry: An Emerging Supplier of Security Goods," by Nisha Taneja and Sandhya Venkateswaran. This paper analyzes India's defense industry and its potential as a supplier of security goods. 2012


4. "India's Emerging Space Program: Implications for U.S. Security Interests," by Ashley J. Tellis. This report examines India's space program and its implications for U.S. security interests. 2009


5. "India's Evolving Aerospace Industry and Prospects for U.S.-India Cooperation," by George Nacouzi and Michael R. Nichols. This report provides an overview of India's aerospace industry and discusses prospects for U.S.-India cooperation in this area. 2018


6. "India's Rise as a Space Power: Implications for U.S. National Security," by Bruce W. MacDonald. This article examines India's space program and its implications for U.S. national security. 2012


7. "The New Great Game in the Indian Ocean," by C. Raja Mohan. This book explores India's strategic position in the Indian Ocean and the challenges and opportunities it faces as a rising power. 2013


8. "India's Nuclear Weapons Program: A Net Assessment," by Ashley J. Tellis. This report provides an assessment of India's nuclear weapons program and its implications for regional and global security. 2001


9. INDIA AS A LEADING POWER

Carnegie Endowment for International Peace

by AJ Tellis · 2016 · Cited by 54 — Shivnath Thukral, and Milan Vaishnav for their thoughtful comments on this paper, and to Saksham Khosla for research assistance.


10. India's Space Program - Challenges, Opportunities, and Strategic Concerns

Interview with Rajeswari Pillai Rajagopalan


11. India's Nuclear Triad: A Net Assessment

This paper discusses such delivery mechanisms commonly known together as nuclear triad in the Indian context. https://www.idsa.in/occasionalpapers/IndiasNuclearTriad


12. India's Emerging Nuclear Posture

Between Recessed Deterrent and Ready Arsenal


13. India's policy on Diego Garcia and its quest for security in the Indian Ocean







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